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2017/2 Abstracts

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 5–21

Ane Pilegaard *

Title: Encountering the vitrine
Distance and proximity effects in museum vitrines

Abstract: This article analyses spatial dynamics in museum vitrine design through
the lens of art theorist Rosalind E. Krauss’ grid concept. Due to the regularity
of shelves, compartments and lattice framework, vitrines are characterized by a
grid structure which, following Krauss’ conceptualization, has a double function:
it frames a space within, and at the same time, extends outwards beyond its own
framework. While museum literature often tells us that vitrines have a distancing
effect, this article argues that because of their dual ability to frame and create
focus, together with their grids’ extension into the space in which the museum
visitor moves, vitrines can also generate a sense of bodily proximity. This argument
draws on Walter Benjamin’s distinction between optical, distanced focus and
haptic, proximate distraction. However, rather than maintaining an opposition
between distance and proximity, the article emphasizes the oscillation between
simultaneous distance and proximity effects in museum vitrine design.

Keywords: Museum vitrine, exhibition design, grid, Rosalind E. Krauss, Walter
Benjamin, anatomical collection display.

* Ane Pilegaard, cand. design, Ph.D. candidate, Medical Museion, University of Copenhagen

Adresse: Medical Museion, Fredericiagade 18, DK-1310 København K, Denmark

E-mail: anepil@sund.ku.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 22–36

Jonathan Westin & Gunnar Almevik *

Title: A virtual diorama
Mapping archives in situ at places of cultural significance

Abstract: Using the wooden church of Södra Råda as a case study, this article
concerns new applications of technology to contextualise and activate archive
material in situ at places of cultural significance. Using a combination of
augmented reality and virtual reality, we describe a process of turning historical
photographs and two-dimensional reconstruction drawings into three-dimensional
virtual models that can be lined up to a physical space. The leading questions for
our investigation concern how archive material can be contextualised, and how
the result may be made accessible in situ and contribute to place development.
The result of this research suggests possibilities for using historical photographs
to faithfully reconstruct lost historical spaces as three-dimensional surfaces that
contextualise documentation and offer spatial information.

Key words: Virtual reality, augmented reality, diorama, archive, technology,

* Jonathan Westin, fil.dr, research fellow

Address: University of Gothenburg, Department of Conservation, Box 130,
SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden

E-mail: jonathan.westin@gu.se

* Gunnar Almevik, fil.dr, senior lecturer

Adresse: University of Gothenburg, Department of Conservation, Box 130,
SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden

E-mail: gunnar.almevik@conservation.gu.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 37–54

Nanna Løkka *

Title: Repatriation of museum objects from national collections to local
communities in Norway

Abstract: In this article, I examine ongoing debates in Norway on repatriation
of cultural heritage in the form of antiquities. The focus is however not on
international debates regarding colonial looting or indigenous’ rights to manage
their own heritage as is usually the case within this topic, but rather on local claims
for the return of cultural treasures from national museums. In cases such as those
examined here, local institutions (museums and churches) have requested central
museums to return cultural antiquities to the local community claiming that this is
where they originally were in use and therefore belong. In this article I take a closer
look at the arguments given by the local and the central stakeholders in heritage
management. The arguments and practice reveal ideologies and ethical principles
at work within the sector, but also show how these are constantly shifting. Further
on, I discuss this practice in relation to Norwegian heritage politics.

Key words: Cultural heritage, heritage management, heritage politics, repatriation,

* Nanna Løkka, ph.d., seniorforsker

Adresse: Postboks 4, NO-3833 Bø i Telemark, Norge

E-mail: lokka@tmforsk.no

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 55–69

Bengt Wittgren *

Title: Heritage digitization – are there common practices and common reasons?

Abstract: The article will examine the digitization of heritage and use of digital
heritage within the civil society in Sweden. Three parties: Swedish local heritage
communities, Swedish handicraft societies and the Sami community will be in
focus. Are there intersections and gaps in linked, shared and networked cultural
heritage between these parties and the public museums? Who have the preferential
rights of interpretation? What are selected for digitization and why?

Key words: Digital heritage, digitization, civil society, digitalt kulturarv, digitalisering,
hembygd, slöjd.

* Bengt Wittgren, fil.dr, antikvarie

Adresse: Länsmuseet Västernorrland, Box 34, SE-871 21 Härnösand, Sverige

E-mail: bengt.wittgren@murberget.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 70–87

Anneken Appel Laursen, Danielle Guldmann Sekwati
& Simone Søndergaard Bertelsen *

Title: Danish history includes us. An example of collaborative partnership
between citizens and museum

Abstract: In 2016, a contemporary exhibition was created in partnership with
six local Somali women at the open-air museum Den Gamle By. The article
reflects upon the women initiating the idea and being the primary resource in the
development in the collaborative project, and examines examples from the project’s
method in the analytical framework of experimental “prototyping”. The method
in the project extends other examples of museum participation projects in relation
to process, product and shifting roles as collaborators. The concept of prototyping
shows how procedures at the museum were reconsidered and museum practitioners
had to reevaluate their approach in sharing authority. A key experience was how
an awareness of reactions enabled collaborators to address conflicting receptions
a contemporary exhibition necessarily entails. Recognition of conflict became a
driving force in creating space for dialogue and reflection. Possibly, prototyping
is a way of understanding how museums set frameworks for dialogues between

Keywords: Collaboration, prototyping, experiments, history, cultural heritage,

* Anneken Appel Laursen, cand.mag., museumsinspektør

Adresse: Den Gamle By, Viborgvej 2, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Danmark

E-mail: aal@dengamleby.dk

* Danielle Guldmann Sekwati, mag.art. etnografi og socialantropologi, projektkoordinator

Adresse: Den Gamle By, Viborgvej 2, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Danmark

E-mail: danielleguldmann@hotmail.com

* Simone Søndergaard Bertelsen, cand.scient.anth.

Adresse: Den Gamle By, Viborgvej 2, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Danmark

E-mail: simone.s.bertelsen@gmail.com

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 88–104

Line Vestergaard Knudsen & Celia Ekelund Simonsen *

Title: Contemporary collaborations between museums and universities

Abstract: Numerous new types of cross-institutional collaborations have been
conducted recently at the intersection between museums and universities. Museums
of all subject areas have collaborated with university researchers, just as scholars
from a broad range of disciplines including communications, media studies, IT
and performance design and tourism increasingly collaborate with museums.
Based on qualitative evaluation material and autobiographical experiences,
this article analyzes a large Danish research project in which collaborations between
several museums and universities took place. We investigate how university
researchers contributed to the development of museum practices as well as
how involvement in museum projects contributed to university research; we then
discuss the various professional and practical challenges such collaborations face.
Particularly we emphasize “anchorage” as a significant multidimensional concept
that was critical to the collaboration outcomes and challenges. By this focus we
aim to contribute to future cross-institutional collaborations between museums
and universities.

Keywords: Museum, university, cross-institutional, collaboration, museumaudience
communication, evaluation.

* Line Vestergaard Knudsen, Ph.D., Assistant Professor

Adresse: Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University,
PO Box 9220 Aalborg, Denmark

E-mail: vestergaard@cgs.aau.dk

* Celia Ekelund Simonsen, Ph.D., Curator

Adresse: Museum Midtjylland, PO Box 7400 Herning, Denmark

E-mail: ces@museummidtjylland.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 105–123

Lorena Sancho Querol, Kalle Kallio & Linda Heinonen *

Title: Born to be OPTI
A new model for participatory museum management

Abstract: Society in the Museum (SoMus) is a research project in the field of
sociomuseology where culture is viewed as an essential axis of developmental
processes and museums as key tools for the exercise of cultural citizenship. The
project intends to identify, analyse, systematize and disclose some of the most
interesting emerging models of participatory management underway in four
European museums. In this article we present the anatomy, the strategy and
the challenges of one of the Nordic partners, the Finnish Labour Museum, and
its current management tool, the OPTI Participatory Management Model. The
model has been adapted from the business world to serve as a critical museological
tool and to enhance participation in cultural institutions. It is a response to
the paradigmatic transition that museums face when actively engaging in a
participative culture.

Keywords: Finnish Labour Museum, sociomuseology, participatory museum
management, labour history, SoMus, OPTI Model.

* Lorena Sancho Querol, Ph.D., Researcher

Adresse: Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Colégio de S. Jerónimo 3087, PT-3001-410 Coimbra, Portugal

E-mail: lorenaquerol@gmail.com

* Kalle Kallio, Director

Adresse: Finnish Labour Museum Werstas, Väinö Linnan aukio 8, FI-33210 Tampere, Finland

E-mail: kalle.kallio@tyovaenmuseo.fi

* Linda Heinonen, MA in History, Researcher

Adresse: Finnish Labour Museum Werstas, Väinö Linnan aukio 8, FI-33210 Tampere, Finland

E-mail: linda.heinonen@tyovaenmuseo.fi

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 124–141

Tina Anette Madsen *

Title: Walking and sensing at Faaborg Museum
Atmosphere and walk-along interviews at the museum

Abstract: Since 2009 the Danish Agency for Culture has conducted the national
museum survey for all national and government approved museums to participate
in. The survey has integrated “atmosphere” as an evaluation criterion and has
documented that visitors seek and worship such experiences. Atmosphere, however,
is intangible and some spaces can evoke atmosphere more than others, due to
the way they initiate interplay of the senses beyond language. Museum curators
need not know the visitors’ experience of atmosphere in detail to be able to pay
attention to atmosphere, but there is a growing need to qualify the understanding
of the visitors’ experience of atmosphere to influence the way museums engage
in atmosphere as a curatorial means. This article proposes a way to explore the
visitors’ experience of atmosphere by combining theories of atmosphere by Gernot
Böhme and Juhani Pallasmaa with sensorial anthropology as defined by Tim
Ingold and Jo Lee and applying sensory ethnography and the method of the walkalong
interview, suggested by Sarah Pink as a method to bring forward the visitors’
experience of atmospheric qualities. Faaborg Museum is used as a case and the
analysis is based on four walk-along interviews partaken in 2016.

Keywords: Atmosphere, presence, multisensory perception, walk-along interviews,
sensory knowledge, Faaborg Museum.

* Tina Anette Madsen

Adresse: Faaborg Museum, Grønnegade 75, DK-5600 Faaborg, Danmark

E-mail: tam@faaborgmuseum.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 142–147

Cecilia Rodéhn *

Title: Ulleråker – cultural heritage, gender and functionality norms

Abstract: This paper provides a presentation of the project Ulleråker –
funktionsnedsättning och kulturarv funded by the National Heritage Board. The
project seeks to investigate the transformation of Ulleråker, a former psychiatric
hospital in the outskirts of Uppsala (Sweden). The project will study how cultural
heritage is transformed, and formed, during urban development and rebuilding
processes, with a particular focus on gender and functionality norms. The project
examines different kinds of material in order to illuminate how cultural heritage is
articulated and materialized in the area. The material is analyzed using a composite
theory of critical heritage studies coupled with crip and gender studies. The purpose
of the project is to contribute to develop methods and theories in how to deal with
the cultural heritage of psychiatric hospitals during times of transformation.

Keywords: Psychiatric hospitals, gender, functionality norms, cultural heritage,
museum, mental health geography.

* Cecilia Rodéhn, fil.dr, projektledare

Adresse: Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet, Box 527,
SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sverige

E-mail: cecilia.rodehn@gender.uu.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2017 • 2, s. 148–155

Kirsten Drotner *

Abstract: Our Museum was initiated in 2016. It is a five-year Danish national
research and development programme comprising seven university departments
at five universities and eight museum partners. The project aims to facilitate
new forms of citizen engagement and inclusion by developing and studying
how museums communicate with audiences in innovative ways. In this text the
background, aims, hypothesis and organization are presented.

Keywords: Museum communication, citizen engagement, collaboratory research
between university and museums.

* Kirsten Drotner, professor, dr.phil.

Adresse: Department for the Study of Culture Media, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

E-mail: drotner@sdu.dk

Copyright 2010 Nordisk Museologi