Abstracts 2016/2
Abstracts 2016/1
Abstracts 2015/2
Abstracts 2015/1
Abstracts 2014/2
Abstracts 2014/1
Abstracts 2013/2
Abstracts 2013/1
Abstracts 2012/2
Abstracts 2012/1
Abstracts 2011/2
Abstracts 2011/1
Abstracts 2010/2
Abstracts 2010/1
Abstracts 2009/2
Abstracts 2009/1
Abstracts 2008/1-2
Abstracts 2007/2
Abstracts 2007/1
Abstracts 2006/2
Abstracts 2006/1
Summaries 2005/2
Summaries 2005/1
Summaries 2004/2
Summaries 2004/1
Summaries 2003/2
Summaries 2003/1
Summaries 2002/1
Summaries 2001/1-2
Summaries 2000/2
Summaries 2000/1
Summaries 1999/2
Summaries 1999/1
Summaries 1998/2
Summaries 1998/1
Summaries 1997/2
Summaries 1997/1
Summaries 1996/2
Summaries 1996/1
1995/2 All texts in English
Summaries 1995/1
Summaries 1994/2
Summaries 1994/1
Summaries 1993/2
Summaries 1993/1

2016/1 Abstracts


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 3–20

Louise Karlskov Skyggebjerg *

Title: Things as actors. Thoughts about museum objects on the basis of the
exhibition Write

Abstract: Technical museums are packed with things taken out of the original
context and left alone for general admiration. One kind of stuff in museums
consists of writing tools, from quill and ink via typewriters to mobile phones with
onscreen keyboards. In 2015, the Danish Museum of Science and Technology
opened a new exhibition about writing tools. It had as its main purpose to open up
for an understanding of how the tools we use in our everyday life have an impact
on what we do and how we do it. The article is inspired by the material turn and
discusses, with this exhibition as a case, what happens when museums want to
tell stories about use based on objects no longer usable in the original sense, but
converted to cultural heritage to be displayed behind glass. In short, the article is
about objects as the core of museum work.

Keywords: Things, exhibitions, technologies of writing, the material turn,
museums of technology, museum objects, history of technology, history of
technology-in-use, museology, materiality.


* Louise Karlskov Skyggebjerg, ph.d. i historie, kurator

Adresse:

E-mail: louise.skyggebjerg@gmail.com


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 21–39

Ida Bennicke *

Title: Texts about things – in pursuit of a genre transformation

Abstract: The aim of this article is to encourage museum text writers to explore
alternative ways of writing. It demonstrates how exhibit labels seem to be stuck
in a narrowly defined academic style, which is a problem from a communication
perspective. The author proposes that text writers break free from norms and
interdictions and let themselves be inspired by genres from the literary field. This
might help them create exciting and readable texts that reach out to the visitor. The
article presents examples of both the traditional and the literary way of writing
exhibit labels, comparing their strengths and weaknesses. The conclusion is that
being conscious about the genre is necessary, but so is crossing its borders in order
to develop and improve exhibit labels in the future.

Key words: Museum texts, exhibit labels, genre, communication, literary style.


* Ida Bennicke, cand.mag. i sprog- og litteraturvidenskab

Address: Museum Minds, Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet, Gothersgade 130, DK-1123 København K, Danmark

E-mail: mail@idabennicke.dk


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 40–51

Christine Hansen & Ingrid Martins Holmberg *

Title: Motion and flow in heritage institutions

Abstract: Through two case studies, one in Australia and one in Sweden, this
paper looks at how seemingly stable heritage institutions such as museums,
archives and government repositories can be reformed through engagement with
subaltern subjects. Highlighting institutional permeability rather than conservative
resistance, we follow the movement of this “motion and flow” and how it in turn
affects ideas of what constitutes both “heritage experts” and broader notions of
“heritage”. Although these examples vary in scale, they nevertheless share the
contemporary myths and misunderstandings around what happens when heritage
institutions meet with subaltern peoples and the challenges they offer from within
for the inner workings of the institution. In one case a radical inclusion has been
achieved while the other has begun what is likely to be a long-term, complex,
cultural conversation. Taken together, these institutional achievements may
offer an alternative to recent critiques of official heritage institutions as merely
inheritors of a nineteenth-century legacy.

Key words: Heritage, subaltern histories, heritage institutions, Aboriginal
Australians, Sweden’s Roma people, ephemeral places, memory, Swedish Roma
history, Aboriginal history, National Museum of Australia, Swedish minorities.


* Christine Hansen, Ph.D. in History

Adresse: Environmental Humanities, Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 200, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden

E-mail: christine.hansen@gu.se

*Ingrid Martins Holmberg, Ph.D., 51, Senior lecturer in Built environments

Adresse: Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 130,
SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden

E-Mail: ingrid.holmberg@conservation.gu.se


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 52–68

Annika Bünz *

Title: The museum in the landscape and the landscape in the museum. A
study of the relationship between architecture, the maritime museum and the
surrounding environment

Abstract: This article studies the relationship between architecture, the museum,
the surrounding environment, and narrative, using the example of the M/S
Maritime Museum of Denmark (M/S Museet for Søfart). The museum is built
underground, and it surrounds and traverses a dry dock. The conclusions are that
the architecture creates an impression of being outside reality in a place where the
laws of nature are abolished. Oblique angles and twisted shapes disturb one’s sense
of balance and de-stabilize the full-body experience. Borders between reality and
narrative, past and present are blurred. The museum architecture works as an unstraightening
device, making the experience queer. Texts in the exhibits refer to a
sailor as someone who is neither among the living nor the dead, and he is referred
to as an icon for both hetero- and homosexual people. The narrative created in
this M/S museum is a narrative about a queer sailor and a world outside reality.

Key words: Maritime museum, phenomenological architectural theory, queer
phenomenology, multimodal analysis, full-body experiences.


* Annika Bünz, fil. dr i arkeologi

Adresse: Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborgs universitet, Box 200
SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sverige

E-mail: annika.bunz@gu.se


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 69–88

Ditte Laursen, Erik Kristiansen & Kirsten Drotner *

Title: The museum foyer as a transformative space of communication

Abstract: This article explores how we may study physical museum foyers as
multilayered spaces of communication. Based on a critical examination of ways
in which the museum foyer is conceptualised in the research literature, we define
the foyer as a transformative space of communication for visitors which has four
transformative functions, and we ask the following question: How do people
entering the museum practise these transformative functions so as to become
visitors – and become non-visitors again on leaving? Answers are provided through
an empirical analysis of the foyer as a transformative communicative space. Based
on qualitative studies of four divergent Danish museums and a science centre,
we demonstrate that the foyer’s communicative space supports transformative
functions consisting of multiple phases before and after the visit itself, namely
arrival–orientation–service–preparation (before the visit) and preparation–
service–evaluation–departure (after the visit). We discuss the implications of
these results for the museum and heritage sectors and argue for more granular
understandings of the visitor perspective.

Keywords: Lobby, foyer, visitor studies, museum communication, transformation.


* Ditte Laursen, Ph.D., Senior Researcher

Adresse: Statens Mediesamling, Statsbiblioteket, Viktor Albecksvej 1, DK-8000 Aarhus, Danmark

E-mail: dla@statsbiblioteket.dk

*Erik Kristiansen, Ph.D., Head of interpretation and development

Adresse: Museum Lolland-Falster, Frisegade 40, DK-4800 Nykøbing Falster, Danmark

E-mail: ek@museumlollandfalster.dk

* Kirsten Drotner, Dr.Phil., Professor

Adresse: Department for the study of culture, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK–5230 Odense, Danmark

E-mail: drotner@sdu.dk


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 89–100

Marianne Achiam *


Title: The role of the imagination in museum visits

Abstract: The imagination plays an important role in museums, today more
than ever. Visitors use their repositories of imagination or repertoires to make
sense of their encounters with objects and exhibits. In this article, I argue that this
initial meaning making, rather than being the end goal of museum interpretation,
should be thought of as the point of departure for further, more scientific meaning
making. I present a framework developed by Colette Dufresne-Tassé et al. (2006)
and show how it can be used to identify the variety of visitor repertoires at work
in their imagination processes. I argue that becoming familiar with commonly
occurring repertoires is necessary for exhibition designers in order for museums to
continue to take their interpretive responsibility seriously, and I discuss how such a
familiarisation may affect museum practice. I conclude with some perspectives on
the implications of the framework for museum research.

Keywords: Imagination, interpretation, repertoire, exhibition design, constructivism.

* Marianne Achiam, Ph.D.

Adresse: University of Copenhagen, Department of Science Education, Øster Voldgade 3, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark

E-mail: achiam@ind.ku.dk


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 101–120

Niels D. Lund *

Title: The literature and the author in the museum. Tradition mediation
challenged by the increasing musealization

Abstract: The article discusses the connection between literature and museum and
the role of museums for the preservation and engagement with literary heritage.
Based on an overview of research in the field and a discussion of definitions,
distinctions, typology, and current forms of institutions, new developments in
literary theory, i.e. new book history and the literary studies’ theories of geographic
place, but also concepts of materiality, presence, performance and literary scenes,
are brought in to explain different connections between literature and the museum
and the supposedly dialectic relation to the digital society and virtual representation.
The role and strength of the author/writer and the importance of place and space in
the mediation of literature are enhanced as distinctive for these kinds of museums.
It is concluded that the ongoing growth of literary museums is both a result of and
an answer to the preservation of literature as cultural heritage. The museum as
institution provides the most user-friendly strategy and the clearest answer to a
changing situation of language. Much is in progress in this domain, but there is
room for new institutions and mediating experiments, e.g. focusing more on the
literature than the author.

Key words: Cultural heritage, cultural institutions, literary museums, literary
tradition, mediation of literature, national identity, space and place, writers’
museum.


* Niels D. Lund, ph.d., lektor

Adresse: Det Informationsvidenskabelige Akademi, Københavns Universitet,
Birketinget 6, DK-2300 København, Danmark

E-mail: qtp573@iva.ku.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 121–137

Lise Skytte Jakobsen
*

Title: Flip-flopping museum objects from physical to digital – and back again

Abstract: This article focuses on how 3D technology can support visitors’
engagement with and interpretation of museum objects by offering a movement
between physical and digital experiences – a so-called “flip-flopping” process. The
article is based on an observation study conducted by the author at an eightday
3D workshop organized by the Danish art museum KUNSTEN Museum of
Modern Art Aalborg. The museum invited schools and private visitors, children
and adults, to 3D scan two sculptures from the museum collection, remix the scans
digitally, 3D print the results, and finally share their remixed sculptures online.
This was the first workshop of its kind at a Danish museum. The study examines
how the 3D workshop, pulling visitors into the digital-physical flip-flop process of
observing and remixing, supports deep and engaging acts of interpretation.

Key words: 3D printing, 3D scanning, 3D modelling, technology, art museum,
sculpture, case study, user participation.


* Lise Skytte Jakobsen, Ph.D., postdoc

Adress: School of Communication and Culture – Art History, Aarhus University
Langelandsgade 139, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark

E-mail: kunlsj@dac.au.dk


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 138–147

Britta Zetterström Geschwind *

Title: Public museum space. How cultural policies and democratic ideals
materialize in the public spaces of the Swedish History Museum 1943–2013

Abstracts: The research subject is the Swedish History Museum in Stockholm
as a public institution between 1943 and 2013. I examine how public spaces in
the museum body are designed in relation to cultural policy objectives and the
museum’s vision of a democratic, inclusive museum. However, the focus is not
on the museum’s exhibits, but on other public spaces visitors encounter in the
museum, mainly the entrance, the shop and children’s spaces. These spaces tend
to be invisible in the museum hierarchy, and their practices are rarely observed
in museum studies. Main research questions are: How are democratic ideals
materialized and expressed over time? Which publics are created by the public
spaces?

Keywords: Public museum space, cultural policy, materiality, Swedish History
Museum, children, situated knowledge.


* Britta Zetterström Geschwind, doktorand Etnologiska vdelningen/Forskarskolan för kulturhistoriska studier (Fokult)

Adress: Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Stockholms universitet, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sverige

E-mail: britta.geschwind@etnologi.su.se.


From Nordisk Museologi 2016 • 1, s. 148–158

Mattias Ekman *

Title:
Spatial orders of memory and knowledge

Abstracts: In seventeenth-century Europe, theories of knowledge were developed in
symbiosis with the growth of new architectural types, themselves devised for the
practices of science, collecting and ordering of knowledge. The period’s intellectual
endeavours, so the project argues, have subsequently been unsurpassed in utilising
the built environment and mental architecture systematically for cognitive
processes, and in ordering theory by means of spatial, architectural and urban
structures. Theories of memory and knowledge continued to be practised and
developed parallel to the progress and consolidation of new scientific ideals. The
project studies the growth of the architecture for collections and science in Sweden
in the mid- and late seventeenth century, and the theory imported and developed
in context with them. Central to the project is the argument that the collecting
schemes of the seventeenth century were not premature undertakings that evolved
into late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century museums, but cultural forms of
collecting that only in part survived in subsequent practices.

Keywords: Collecting, ordering, classifying, memory, art of memory, knowledge,
architectural types, Kunstkammer, anatomical theatre, repository of rarities,
Sweden, Queen Christina, Olof Rudbeck the Elder, Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie,
Carl Gustaf Wrangel.

* Mattias Ekman, Ph.D, postdoctoral fellow

Adress: Centre for Museum Studies, University of Oslo, Box 1010 Blindern
NO-0315 Oslo, Norway

E-mail: mattias.ekman@ikos.uio.no



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