Abstracts 2016/2
Abstracts 2016/1
Abstracts 2015/2
Abstracts 2015/1
Abstracts 2014/2
Abstracts 2014/1
Abstracts 2013/2
Abstracts 2013/1
Abstracts 2012/2
Abstracts 2012/1
Abstracts 2011/2
Abstracts 2011/1
Abstracts 2010/2
Abstracts 2010/1
Abstracts 2009/2
Abstracts 2009/1
Abstracts 2008/1-2
Abstracts 2007/2
Abstracts 2007/1
Abstracts 2006/2
Abstracts 2006/1
Summaries 2005/2
Summaries 2005/1
Summaries 2004/2
Summaries 2004/1
Summaries 2003/2
Summaries 2003/1
Summaries 2002/1
Summaries 2001/1-2
Summaries 2000/2
Summaries 2000/1
Summaries 1999/2
Summaries 1999/1
Summaries 1998/2
Summaries 1998/1
Summaries 1997/2
Summaries 1997/1
Summaries 1996/2
Summaries 1996/1
1995/2 All texts in English
Summaries 1995/1
Summaries 1994/2
Summaries 1994/1
Summaries 1993/2
Summaries 1993/1

2015/2 Abstracts


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 4–16

Christina Kreps *

Title: Appropriate museology and the “new museum ethics”

Abstract: This article focuses on what I see as two key movements in the museum
world today: the emergence and adoption of a “new museum ethics,” and
appropriate museology. I describe how these movements inform one another in
both theory and practice; and how they manifest a growing respect for diversity –
diversity in the ways different communities make sense of the museum as well as
the objects that end up in museums, and diversity in actual practice.

Keywords: Appropriate museology, museum ethics, indigenous and alternative
museologies, inclusion, shared guardianship, source and indigenous communities,
Native American museums, Indonesia, Canada.


* Christina Kreps, Associate Professor, Museum Studies

Adresse:School of Architecture and Applied Arts, University of Oregon,
Eugene, Oregon 97403-5230, USA

E-mail: cfk@uoregon.edu


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 17–32

Marte Spangen *

Title: The Sámi in the Swedish History Museum

Abstract: Around 2005, the Swedish History Museum (SHM) in Stockholm
reworked their Vikings exhibition, aiming to question simplistic and erroneous
understandings of past group identities. In the process, all references to the Sámi
were removed from the exhibition texts. This decision has been criticised by
experts on Sámi pasts. In this article, it is argued that we can talk about a Sámi
ethnic identity from the Early Iron Age onwards. The removal of references to
the Sámi in the exhibition texts is discussed accordingly, as well as the implicit
misrepresentations, stereotypes and majority attitudes that are conveyed through
spatial distribution, choice of illustrations, lighting, colour schemes and the
exhibition texts. Finally, some socio-political reasons for the avoidance of Sámi
issues in Sweden are suggested, including an enduring colonialist relation to this
minority.

Key words: Sámi pasts, exhibitions, Vikings, past group identities, ethnicity,
stereotypes, Sweden, politics of the past, colonialism.


* Marte Spangen, Ph.D. candidate

Address: Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies
Stockholm University, Wallenberglaboratoriet
SE-109 61 Stockholm, Sweden

E-mail: marte.spangen@ark.su.se


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 33–48

Vidar Fagerheim Kalsås *

Title: Minority history in museums

Abstract: From the 1980s, the ethnographic museums came under increased
criticism for displaying indigenous peoples as people without history. In the late
1990s and early 2000s, this critique of the exhibiting practices began to make
an impact in museums, and the notion that they should exhibit oppressed and
silenced groups in society, and thereby act as agents for social change, gradually
gained momentum. This development also made its mark in Norway, where
several museums began to exhibit the history and culture of ethnic minorities.
With this turn, the political situation of the minorities became relevant. The
article investigates how the museological and ethnopolitical changes in this period
influenced the way museums exhibited minority history. Two exhibitions from this
period are analysed: Latjo-Drom – The Romani/Travellers’ Culture and History
at the Glomdal Museum and Sápmi – Becoming a Nation at Tromsø University
Museum. The article discusses how the historical representations presented in
these exhibitions can be understood within the contemporary museological and
ethnopolitical contexts.

Key words: Historical representation, Sami, Romani, minorities, ethnopolitics,
museology, Glomdal Museum, Tromsø University Museum.


* Vidar Fagerheim Kalsås, Master in history

Adresse: Dept. of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion,
University of Bergen, Øysteinsgate 3, NO-5020 Bergen, Norway

E-mail: vidar.kalsas@student.uib.no


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 49–68

Cathrine Baglo *

Title: Reconstruction as trope of cultural display

Abstract: During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, a new and
particularly widespread type of exhibition practice occurred all over the Western
World, namely “living exhibitions”. They were characterized by the display of
indigenous and exotic-looking peoples in zoological gardens, circuses, amusement
parks, various industrial expositions, and major international expositions
where representatives of indigenous and foreign peoples from all over the globe
performed their everyday life in reconstructed settings. Entire milieus were
recreated by bringing along dwellings, animals, objects, etc. Eventually this would
also become the dominant trope of display in folkloric exhibitions. Nevertheless,
the living exhibitions have not been regarded as influential to this development.
Instead, the trope has most commonly been accredited to the Swedish folklorist
Artur Hazelius. In this article, I stress the importance of situating his display
techniques and museological ideals within a wider context, most importantly the
living exhibitions. The emphasis will be on the display of Sámi.

Key words: Living exhibitions, exhibition history nineteenth and early twentieth
century, Sámi, cultural reconstruction, folk-ethnographic displays, open-air
museums, zoological gardens, Skansen, Sámi encampments, international
expositions, wax museums.


* Cathrine Baglo, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Fellow

Adresse: Tromsø University Museum / The Arctic
University of Norway
Box 6050 Langnes
NO-9037 Tromsø, Norway

E-mail: cathrine.baglo@uit.no


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 69–83

Anne Heith *

Title: Enacting colonised space

Abstract: During 2014 the Swedish city of Umeå was a European Capital of
Culture, with the signature Umeå2014. In Umeå’s application there was a strong
focus upon the Sámi and the fact that Umeå is situated in Sápmi. Elements from
Sámi culture were used in the programme and in the marketing of Umeå as a
cultural capital. Bildmuseet, a museum for contemporary visual art and a part of
Umeå University, was one of the institutions that contributed to the programme
by commissioning works for solo exhibitions from eight artists from Sweden,
Norway and Finland. The exhibitions were shown in a series called Eight Sami
Artists. The article explores the function and implication of Sámi elements in
Umeå2014 with a specific focus on two of the exhibitions shown at Bildmuseet:
Katarina Pirak Sikku’s Nammaláhpán and Anders Sunna’s Area Infected. The
role of the museum for problematising colonising narratives, as well as the artists’
use of emotions in the production of Sámi counter narratives are themes explored.

Keywords: Critical museology, Bildmuseet, Eight Sami Artists, Nammaláhpán,
Area Infected, racial biology, Swedish colonialism, Sámi counter narratives.


* Anne Heith, Dr Art, Associate Professor of Comparative Literature, affiliated to the Centre for Sami Research, CeSam/Vaartoe, and the Arctic Research Centre, Arcum, Umeå University

Adresse: Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, SE- 901 87 Umeå, Sweden

E-mail: anne.heith@umu.se


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 84–94

Charis Gullickson & Herminia Wei-Hsin Din *


Title: Exchanging stories

Abstract: Sámi Stories. Art and Identity of an Arctic People is an exhibition
created and curated by the Northern Norway Art Museum and Tromsø University
Museum to commemorate the bicentennial celebrations of the Norwegian
Constitution. The exhibition debuted at the Northern Norway Art Museum in
Tromsø, Norway, before traveling to New York City and Anchorage, Alaska.
This paper shares stories to demonstrate the roles that museums can play in
the interpretation and representation of Sámi cultures. Additionally, the shared
discussion will advance educational outreach in Alaska and elsewhere concerning
similarities and differences surrounding the adoption of indigenous concepts,
practices, values and worldviews.

Keywords: Sámi heritage, exhibition, education outreach, comparative
perspective across the Arctic region.

* Charis Gullickson, Conservator/Curator

Adresse: Nordnorsk Kunstmuseum/Northern Norway
Art Museum/Davvi Norgga Dáiddamusea
Box 1009, Sjøgata 1
N-9260 Tromsø, Norway

E-mail: charis@nnkm.no


* Herminia Wei-Hsin Din, Ph.D., Professor of Art Education

Adresse: Department of Art, University of Alaska, Anchorage, 3211 Providence Drive, US-Anchorage, AK 99508

E-mail: hdin@uaa.alaska.edu


From Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 95–107

Liisa-Rávná Finbog *

Title: Gákti ja goahti

Abstract: The legacy of the harsh assimilation policy in Norway – fornorskingen
– has resulted in a loss of language, cultural heritage and corresponding identities
for many within the Sámi population. Helped along in particular by the practice
of late nineteenth and twentieth-century ethnographic and cultural-history
museums, the culture of Norway has often been presented as a singular culture
with few, if any, references to the Sámi. Only in the last few decades have any
attempts been made to rectify this image. In this article, I show how the Sámi
communities have appropriated the tools of assimilation – i.e. museums – and
used them to counteract its effects. I focus on the work of indigenous museums in
one geographical area – the counties of Nordland and Troms – and the Marke-
Sámi population and culture within this area. Using the Marke-Sámi community
as my starting point I show how the use of local and traditional knowledge
alongside heritage work in museums helps form a sense of local ownership of the
Marke-Sámi culture and an entitlement to participate in the creation of modern
Marke-Sámi identities amongst the local Marke-Sámi population.

Key words: Sámi, indigenous cultural heritage, indigenous identity, appropriate
museology, heritage object, oral historical research, community-based
archaeology.


* Liisa-Rávná Finbog, MA in museology and archaeology, University of Oslo

Adresse:

E-mail: liisaravnafinbog@yahoo.no

From Projects . Nordisk Museologi 2015 . 2, s. 108-113

Kajsa Kuoljok
*

Title: New ways into the Sami language

Abstract: The Sami language is the carrier of our Sami heritage, and could itself
act as a key that opens the door to our wider understanding of it. During the
period 2012–14, Ájtte Museum in Jokkmokk, Sweden, worked on the language
project Giela muitalusat / Giela giehto. The Sami Language – Three Generations
Tell1, with the aim of collecting the different generations’ thoughts and ideas about
the Sami language. Sami cultural heritage is not only about traditions of the past;
it is also contemporary and urban. Many young Sami alternate between joining in
with traditional Sami activities and being part of modern society. Ájtte Museum
has aimed to set the focus on young Sami people, through various projects, and
to try to identify issues that are relevant to the younger generation. The general
image of Sami culture and life as reflected in museums today must be extended,
so that more people will recognise that they themselves are an integral part of it.
In the project, using film and still photography, young people documented and
presented their everyday life and thoughts on how the use of the Sami language
and Sami culture could be developed in the local community today.

Key words: Sami language, museums and youth, traditional Sami knowledge,
intangible heritage, urban vocabulary.


* Kajsa Kuoljok, Curator

Adress: Ájtte, Svenskt fjäll- och samemuseum, Box 116, SE-962 23 Jokkmokk, Sweden

E-mail: kajsa.kuoljok@ajtte.com


From Projects . Nordisk Museologi 2015 . 2, s. 114-122

Jonas M. Nordin & Carl-Gösta Ojala *

Title: Collecting Sápmi

Abstracts: This paper presents the research project Collecting Sápmi. Early
modern globalization of Sámi material culture and Sámi cultural heritage today,
financed by the Swedish Research Council 2014–18. The aim of the project is to
examine early modern collecting of Sámi material culture and early descriptions
of Sámi culture, primarily in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. We aim
to study early modern networks of scholars and collectors interested in Sámi
material culture, to investigate how and why the collecting was conducted, and
to follow the movement of Sámi objects between collections and collectors around
Europe. Furthermore, the project aims to discuss the importance of early modern
collecting and the collected objects in today’s society. Here, critical issues are raised
concerning colonial histories and relations in Sápmi, motivations and ideologies
of collecting over time, as well as the rights to Sámi cultural heritage and its
management today and in the future.

Keywords: Sámi, Sápmi, colonialism, collecting, globalization, identity, cultural
heritage, early modern period, cultural rights, repatriation.


* Jonas M. Nordin, Ph.D., researcher, project
leader

Adress: Historiska museet, Box 5428, SE-114 84 Stockholm, Sweden

E-mail: jonas.nordin@historiska.se

* Carl-Gösta Ojala, Ph.D., researcher

Adress: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet,
Box 626, SE-751 26 Uppsala, Sweden

E-mail: carl-gosta.ojala@arkeologi.uu.se


From Projects • Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 123–132

Lotta Fernstål & Charlotte Hyltén-Cavallius *

Title:
On the fringes of the city – Swedish-Roma life history narratives and
camp sites from the 1900s

Abstracts: Roma people have been present in Sweden for at least 500 years. The
first members of the group today known as Swedish Roma arrived in the late
1800s, and during a large part of the 1900s they were forced to a nomadic lifestyle.
The purpose of this project is to highlight this part of history, in collaboration
with Roma associations, focusing on camp sites and life stories during the 1900s
and to incorporate this cultural heritage into Swedish public collections at the
Swedish History Museum and the Institute for Language and Folklore. The project
will combine ethnological interviews with archaeological excavations, and will
involve questions about multiculturalism and interaction between Roma and the
majority Swedes.

Keywords: Swedish Roma, camp sites, Swedish history, minority–majority,
contemporary archeology, life history narratives, collaboration, hidden heritages,
interculturality.


* Lotta Fernstål, fil.dr, 1:e antikvarie Projektledare för I stadens utkant

Adress: Historiska museet, Box 5428, SE-114 84 Stockholm, Sverige

E-mail: lotta.fernstal@historiska.se


* Charlotte Hyltén-Cavallius, fil.dr, forskare minoriteter, Projektledare för I stadens utkant

Adress: Institutet för språk och folkminnen, Dialekt- och folkminnesarkivet,
i Uppsala (DFU), Box 135, SE-751 04 Uppsala, Sverige

E-mail: charlotte.hylten-cavallius@sprakochfolkminnen.


From Projects • Nordisk Museologi 2015 • 2, s. 133–141

Mattias Bäckström *


Title: Making things matter

Abstracts: An international and trans-institutional study, the present postdoctoral
project analyses the production of prehistory, art history and cultural history in
various museum displays in Berlin, Copenhagen, London and Stockholm, from c.
1880 to c. 1920. The collection galleries and permanent exhibitions are analysed
as interfaces of meaning and materiality, with a focus on the different concepts
of knowledge that were brought into play when making history, namely scholarly
knowledge, aesthetic experience, didactic learning, technical expertise and
notions of how to live well. More specifically, the project combines two theoretical
perspectives, the poetics of display and displays as mediations, and analyses how
museums made history through more or less locally decided interconnections
of moral models, display techniques, historical remains and reproductions, and
didactic, epistemological and aesthetic ideas. The three-year project, 2015–2018,
is conducted partly in the aforesaid cities, and chiefly at the Centre for Museum
Studies, IKOS, University of Oslo.

Keywords: Meaning and materiality, concepts of knowledge, knowledge, production,
prehistory, art history, cultural history, museum displays.



*Mattias Bäckström, Ph.D. in History of Science and Ideas, Postdoctoral Fellow

Adress: University of Oslo, IKOS, Centre for Museum Studies, P.O. Box 1010 Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo, Norway

E-Mail: mattias.backstrom@ikos.uio.no

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