From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 3-20
Bjarne Rogan *
Title: MuCEM - the making of a new national museum in France in 2013
Abstract: In 2007 the French national museum of popular culture (MNATP) closed its doors in Paris, to reopen in Marseilles in 2013 — as MuCEM. MuCEM’s new profile is art and cultural history, and its territorial scope is the Mediterranean area. The article traces briefly the history of MNATP, through its heyday in the 1960s-70s to its downward path in the 1980s-90s. The main focus, however, is on the last ten years, which were marked by political events and external pressure more than by scholarly (ethnological) considerations. Geopolitical issues such as President Sarkozy's Union pour la Méditerranée and UNESCO’s appointment of Marseilles as Europe’s cultural capital for 2013 were decisive events. Finally, the text discusses what this new museum has in common with other recently established French museums, especially the Branly museum, and to what extent this rather chancy process deviated from that of other museums.
Keywords:MNATP, MuCEM, national museum, ethnology, art, aesthetics, multidisciplinarity, culture politics.
* Bjarne Rogan, dr.philos., professor ved Universitetet i Oslo
Senterleder ved Centre franco-norvégien en sciences sociales et humaines, FMSH, Paris
Adresse: Institutt for kulturstudier og orientalske språk Box 1010 Blindern N0-0315 Oslo, Norge
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 21-36
Abstract: The article focuses on the Nordic forest museums established in the 1940s-60s, during the period when Finland, Sweden, Norway, and even Denmark experienced rapidly changing forestry. These museums shared their timing and their theme, but did they also share the ultimate ideas, motives and visions? The article discusses the actors who took the initiative in establishing museums, as well as their backgrounds and reasons for collecting, documenting, and exhibiting forest history. It concentrates in particular on two Finnish cases which are seen in a wider Nordic context to find out whether there were common Nordic visions of forest museums -as there was a lot of shared forest history. The article was written as part of a project called Happy Days? The Everyday Life and Nostalgia of the Extended 1950s, led by Professor Hanna Snellman of Jyväskylä and Helsinki Universities and financed by the Academy of Finland.
Key words: Forest museum, forest culture, the Nordic countries, musealisation, nostalgia.
*Leena Paaskoski, Ph.D. in Ethnology, Collections Manager
Address: Lusto - The Finnish Forest Museum Lustontie 1 F-58450 Punkaharju Finland
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 37-53
Sigurd Trolle Gronemann *
Title: When museums prioritise social media: A study of 22 Danish museums’ use of social media
Abstract: Although the use of social media can be regarded as an everyday practice in many museums by now, several studies suggest that museums take monologic communication approaches in their social media communication. This study analyses 22 Danish natural science museums use of social media during one month in 2013. The findings confirm that the use of social media on museums own websites is generic in nature, not integrated with content, and monologic in form. Conversely, many museums deliver just the opposite mode of communication on Facebook where they initiate a broad range of dialogic genres featuring intense publication activities and high rates of response. The article discusses how the identified trends on the one hand emphasise that many museums have embraced a deportalised communications approach, while the trends on the other hand still demonstrate a very narrow range of web services beyond Facebook.
Key words: Social media, online presence, web communication, web 2.0, museum website, Facebook, museum communication.
*Sigurd Trolle Gronemann, cand. it., ph. d. -stipendiat
Adresse: DREAM (Danish Research Centre on Education and Advanced Media Materials) Syddansk Universitet, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense, Danmark
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 54-71
Lise Camilla Ruud *
Title: Doing museum objects. Eight lizards and an anteater in the late eighteenth-century El Real Gabinete de Historia Natural
Abstract: The article analyses the field of eighteenth-century Hispanic history of science, little known to northern scholars, with the use of concepts from actor-network theory; combining these with a traditional Scandinavian ethnological close-up study of objects. The introductory part discusses the production of flasks as a way of standardizing natural objects at the late eighteenth-century Royal Cabinet of Natural History The following section analyses how eight lizards were integrated into a variety of practices on their way to the Madrid museum. Thereafter, five different images of an anteater are discussed as forming part of the museum's outreaching practices of display The article demonstrates a fruitful approach to the histories of museums and their objects: Objects are seen as uenacted realities” which incorporate in radically different practices, and many versions of them exist simultaneously. Museum objects stretch out and connect with ideas and actors, objects travel and are continuously being done, inside and outside the museum building.
Key words: Natural history, museum objects, animals, Spain, empire, metropolis, eighteenth-century, standardization, curiosities.
* Lise Camilla Ruud, ph.d. kulturhistorie, seniorrådgiver
Adresse: Norsk Kulturråd, Postboks 8052 Dep., NO-0031 Oslo, Norge
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 72-84
Mette Boritz *
Title: Pedagogical design. About the use and interior design of educational rooms at museums
Abstract: This article focuses on how museums use educational rooms for the teaching of school children. This subject has only to a limited extent been addressed in professional museum literature. The purpose of this article is to get behind the large empirical diversity observed in educational rooms at different museums, identifying different ideal types with the aim of investigating whether there are links between, on the one hand, the pedagogical intentions and on the other, the management of the physical space in the museums. The article analyzes how different types of educational rooms, in this article categorized as focus rooms”, “wonder rooms” and “laboratories” promote or hinder the teaching situation. The article is based on the assumption that educational rooms act as a “silent curriculum” in education, which can either support or contradict the museums educational intentions.
Key words: Museum education, educational rooms in museums, silent curriculum, pedagogical design.
Adresse: Nationalmuseet, Frederiksholms Kanal 12, DK-1220 København K
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 85-94
Dagny Stuedahl*, Merethe Frøyland* & Ingrid Eikeland*
Title: Expand - Research in Norwegian Science centers
Abstract: The research program Expand - Research in Norwegian Science Centers, (UtVite in Norwegian) was initiated as a collaboration between Inspiria Science Center, and three research partners in science education.1 The project collaboration has as its main objective to understand the role of science centers for young peoples engagement, interest and recruitment to science. Further, the aim of Expand is to explore research methods suitable for participatory action research approaches to design-based studies of learning in science centers. This is a presentation of the research design of Expand in the first funding period 2011-2016.
Key words: Science center education, science center exhibitions, engagement with science, reflective practice.
*Dagny Stuedahl dr. polit, professor
*Merethe Frøyland, dr. scient, associate professor
*Ingrid Eikeland, Ph. D. candidate
Adress: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Dept. of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Box 5003, N-1432 Ås, Norway
From Nordisk Museologi 2014/1, Abstract pp. 95-102
Terje Brattli* & Morten Steffensen*
Title: Expertise and the formation of university museum collections
Abstract: This text is a project presentation of work in progress. The objective is to introduce an alternative analytical approach to university museum collections as a phenomenon. This endeavour has been motivated by our experiences of the dynamic and multiple practices and versions of collections by these museums, rather than of the collections as static and uniform. Based on an approach inspired by ontological politics, we analyse the university museum collection as a result of different enactments rather than as a homogeneous entity that either just is, either passively observed or strategically and/or competitively constructed. These theoretical reflections, in addition to observations made in an initial empirical study of practices at a university museum, indicate the need to acknowledge the coexistence of several parallel versions of the university museum collection as expertise performance. This allows for the understanding of the university museum collection as multiple, and the second phase of this project will consist of analysis of relationships between various simultaneous practices and versions.
Key words:University museum, museum collection, expertise, multiple reality, performativity.
* Terje Brattli, researcher/postdoc
Adress: Department of Archaeology and Cultural history, NTNU University Museum, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
* Morten Steffensen, director/Ph.D. student
Adress: Nordlandsmuseet, Prinsens gt. 116 NO-8005 Bodø, Norway
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, NTNU University Museum, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway