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2013/1 Abstracts

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 5-23

Ole Marius Hylland *

Title: To collect is to choose.

Abstract: This article aims to give a status report on museum disposal in the Norwegian museum sector. Disposal (or deaccessioning, depending on choice of terms) is treated as a topic relevant to both the overall legitimation of museums as institutions, as well as an important topic for sustainable collection management. The article argues that a sound and intellectually solid approach to disposal is a potential key to the sustainability of the museums’ epistemology on the one hand and to sustainable collection development on the other. After an initial discussion on the theoretical, ethical and judicial basis of disposal and a presentation of international examples on disposal practice, the article presents the results from a survey on disposal among Norwegian museums.
Key words: Disposal, collection management, epistemology, sustainability, materiality.

*Ole Marius Hylland, dr. art. i kulturhistorie og forsker 1 ved Telemarksforsking

Adresse: Telemarksforsking, Pb. 4, NO-3833 Bø i Telemark, Norge

E-mail: hylland@tmforsk.no

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 24-35

Svein Øivind Solberg*, Line Breian*, Lena Ansebo*, Erik Persson*

Title: Cultural relict plants - a living heritage.

Abstract: Cultural relict plants are remaining populations of plants once introduced for cultivation and use. The plants have survived, even though the population is no longer actively maintained. Cultural relict plants can be found in the close surroundings of historical places such as monastery ruins, churches, castles, fortresses, manors, old farms and villages. The plants are part of a living heritage, but the responsibility tends to fall between different perspectives — between the conservation of buildings, objects and immaterial knowledge (cultural heritage) and conservation of nature (natural heritage). In this article we debate the value of such plants as parts of a place. We list potential species and findings from a project with focus on the Arctic region in the Nordic countries. We furthermore emphasise the need for trans-disciplinary approaches to secure the habitat and increase awareness about cultural relict plants.
Key words: Cultural relict plants, cultural heritage, natural heritage, ethno-bota-ny, trans-disciplinary, conservation, in situ, seed bank.

*Svein Øivind Solberg, senior scientist

Address: Nordic Genetic Resource Center, Box 41, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden

E-mail: svein.solberg@nordgen.org

*Line Breian, PhD student

Address: Tromsø Museum, Lars Thørings veg 10, NO-9006 Tromsø, Norway

E-mail: line.breian@uit.no

*Lena Ansebo, senior scientist

Address: Nordic Genetic Resource Center, Box 41, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden


*Erik Persson, senior scientist

Address: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden

E-mail: erik.persson@slu.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 36-51

Jostein Loråst*

Title: A different kind of forestry history. Culturally modified trees - the management and dissemination of objects and environments.

Abstract: Culturally modified trees are a new type of cultural heritage in Scandinavia, introduced by Swedish researchers in the 1990s. One characteristic type is bark-peeled pine trees, which have Sami origin, and are protected by law in Norway. Today such trees reflect a previous sustainable use of forest resources, which is very different from modern clear-cutting of ancient forests. As a result, they represent a different kind of forestry history, in contrast to the technological and masculine content that largely characterises the current dissemination of human relationships to forest growths. There are indications that bark-peeled trees were also considered sacred by the Sami people. This gives museums special challenges when it comes to communication, as in cases where bark-peeled trees are to be removed from their natural environment, and preserved indoors. Another issue is whether the story behind these trees should be exclusively mediated by Sami institutions.
Key words: Culturally modified trees, old forest, pine bark, Sami, management, dissemination.

*Jostein Lorås, associate professor

Adresse: Høgskolen i Nesna, NO-8700 Nesna, Norge

E-mail: josteinl@hinesna.no

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 52-66

Anita Maurstad*

Title: The extended arm — materializations of horsewhips, horses and riders.

Abstract: The horsewhip is an interesting object. It works in relationships between animals and humans. In some relationships it can make the horse move forward willingly, with no need for physical contact. In other contexts, the whip can make the horse obey the rider’s wishes by gently touching the horse’s body. In other kinds of relationships, it paves the way for riders hitting their horses and also feeling regret afterwards.
This article combines insights from two recent research fields — research focusing on materiality and research focusing on the relationship between animals and humans. Research in these fields challenges museum presentations of these topics. The article adopts a performative perspective regarding the whip and its relations and shows how whips, horses and riders are constituted in different practices. Finally, the museum communication of such practices is commented on. The aim is to show how a museological perspective regarding objects and materiality can contribute to the understanding of the importance of seeing objects as relational materialities, as well as to knowledge about the relationship between animals and humans.
Key words: Horse, horsewhip, rider, relational materiality, museum, performativity.

* Anita Maurstad, PhD, er professor i kulturvitenskap ved Tromsø Museum -Universitetsmuseet.

Adresse: Tromsø Museum — Universitetsmuseet, Universitetet i Tromsø, NO-9037 Tromsø, Norge

E-mail: anita.maurstad@uit.no

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 67-85

Ingvild Solberg Andreassen* and Palmyre Pierroux*

Title:"How do you know that?" A study of narrative and mediation at an archaeological excavation site.

Abstract: The publics growing interest in archaeology in recent years is reflected in increased visits to excavation sites, part of a trend coined in the research as Public Archaeology. Public visits are often sponsored through museum outreach and education programmes for schools and families, offering diverse activities and encounters with archaeologists in the field. Yet there are few empirical studies of archaeologists’ mediation practices in these settings and what such interactions may mean for visitors’ learning about history and past cultures. This study empirically investigates a museums archaeological excavation site as a setting for students’ meaning making in the subject of history at the upper secondary level (17—19 years old). Interactional data from a school field trip to an excavation site are analysed to explore which archaeological knowledge, narratives, and semiotic resources archaeologists draw on when communicating interpretations of Norwegian history to this learner public. In contrast to developments in archaeological research perspectives over several decades, our analysis identifies processual archaeology as the predominant narrative that archaeologists’ draw on in their interactions with the young people visiting the site. We reflect on the implications of this finding in light of the educational aims, which focus on communicating the complex relationship between archaeology and historical interpretations. The overall aim of the article is to contribute to the development of learning perspectives and research methods that may be relevant for museums’ educational practices at archaeological excavation sites.
Key words: Public archaeology, narrative, excavation site, meaning making, museum education, interaction analysis, field trip.

*Ingvild Solberg Andreassen, Research Fellow, Department of Educational Research and InterMedia, University of Oslo

E-mail: i.s.andreassen@intermedia.uio.no

*Palmyre Pierroux, Associate Professor, Department of Educational Research and InterMedia, University of Oslo

Address: Department of Educational Research and InterMedia, University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 21, NO-0318 Oslo, Norway

E-mail: palmyre@intermedia.uio.no
Web address: http://www.uv.uio.no/intermedia/

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/3, Abstract pp. 86-105

Fia Sundevall* och Anna Fredholm*

Title: Collecting memories through web surveys: perspectives on changing modes of documentation.

Abstract: With the advancemets of web technologies, new modes of data collection have arisen and with those new opportunities and challenges for museums’ documentation work. Drawing on experiences from a web survey on Swedes' memories and experiences of military service, conducted by the Swedish Army museum in 2012, the authors' of this article argue that web surveys constitute a fruitful mode of collecting memories. However, even though there are many benefits there are also potential problems that should be considered in the collection process as well as the use and analysis of the data. The authors discuss the implications of graphic web design and formulation of the questionnaire, as well as different models of recruiting respondents related to questions of representativeness and generalization in the collected data.

Key words: Web survey, Internet, collecting, documentation, narratives, museum, archiving, memories, artefacts, storytelling, questionnaires, representation.

*Anna Fredholm arbetar som intendent med ansvar för insamling och dokumentation på Armémuseum

Adress: Armémuseum, Enheten för fakta och föremål, Box 14095, SE-104 41 Stockholm, Sverige


*Fia Sundevall är fil. dr i ekonomisk historia och verksam vid Stockholms universitet

Adress: Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Stockholm universitet, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sverige

E-mail: fia.sundevall@ekohist.su.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 106-124

Ane Hejlskov Larsen* og Vinnie Nørskov*

Title: A case study on the impact of sponsorship on Danish museums, their organisational identity and their finances.

Abstract: Ever since the 1980s there has been pressure from within Danish public-sector cultural policy to increase cooperation between cultural institutions and businesses. At the same time, a fundamental scepticism is embedded within such institutions and their research efforts with regard to the potential impact of such collaboration on the academic work carried out by these institutions.
This article discusses the influence of sponsorship on two Danish museums’ self perceptions and finances. The article is rooted in the Danish interdisciplinary research project entitled “The Strategic Museum". '
Key words: Sponsorship, donation, patronage, museum self-perceptions, marketing, cultural policy and financing, neo-institutional theory, ismorphism.

*Ane Hejlskov Larsen, mag.art., lektor, Institut for Æstetik og Kommunikation, Aarhus Universitet

E-mail: kunahl@hum.au.dk

*Vinnie Nørskov, Ph.D., museumsleder, Antikmuseet, Aarhus Universitet

E-mail: klavn@hum.au.dk

Adresse: Aarhus Universitet, Center for museologi, Institut for Æstetik og Kommunikation Langelandsgade 139, 2. sal, DK-8000 Århus C, Danmark

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 125-127

Hans Dam Christensen* and Kirsten Drotner*

Title: Danish Centre for Museum Research: New modes of collaboration and quality development

Abstract: In August 2011, Danish Centre for Museum Research (DCMR) was established as a national research centre without walls. Members are Danish university departments that have museum research as a key research area, and the Centre currently lists 14 members spanning almost all universities. DCMR defines museum research in inclusive terms, embracing research on museums, archives, activity and experience centres and encompassing art, cultural and natural heritage in its tangible as well as intangible modes of articulation. The overall aim of the Centre is to advance the quantity and quality of Danish museum research and practice based on the scientific insights and resources originating from Danish universities and their Nordic and wider international research networks.
Key words: Danish Centre for Museum Research, museum research, research communication, knowledge exchange.

* Hans Dam Christensen, PhD, Research and PhD coordinator. Deputy-director of Danish Centre for Museum Research Royal School of Library and Information Science University of Copenhagen

E-mail: jbg621@iva.ku.dk

*Kirsten Drotner, dr.phil., Professor. Director of Danish Centre for Museum Research Dept, for the Study of Culture - Media Studies University of Southern Denmark

E-mail: drotner@sdu.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2013/1, Abstract pp. 129-133

Kimmo Leva*

Title: The future of museums

Abstract: The future of museums would appear to be a hot topic for museum managers and developers. It was the main title of two international conferences at the end of 2012. One was the Network of European Museum Organisations (NEMO) annual meeting in Ireland (2—4 November 2012) and the other was ICOM’s Committee of Leadership and Management (INTERCOM) in Australia (25-29 November 2012).

Key words: The future of museums, management, museum customer, operational environment, earnings philosophy.

*Kimmo Levä Secretary General

Address: The Finnish Museums Association Annankatu 16 B 50 FI-00120 Helsinki, Finland

E-mail: kimmo.leva@museoliitto.fi
Web: www.museoliitto.fi

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