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2009/1 Abstracts

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 5-15


Abstract: A museum exhibition communicates meaning at various levels, some more
obvious than others. The author of this article spent several weeks at the new permanent exhibition of the National Museum of Iceland, exploring it as a visitor would, and offers a reading of the various meanings that the exhibition conveys, both verbally and non-verbally. Of special interest is the use of everyday objects to convey important themes for the nationalistic agenda of the exhibition.

Key words: Iceland, national museums, non-verbal communication, object interpretation, exhibition techniques.

*Elisabeth Ida Ward

Address: 961 Bogabraut 41B, 235 Reykjanesbær, Iceland
E-mail: lissi@berkeley.edu

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 16-30


Title: The hidden exhibition — The New Prehistory exhibition at The National Museum in Copenhagen.

Abstract: The newly opened Danish National Museum permanent exhibition about the prehistoric period is analysed here from the perspective of the user. The intended narrative of the exhibition is scrutinised in detail, via an analytical construction of how the exhibition meets the visitor, in order to understand why the exhibition at first impression seems so old-fashioned and out of time. The focus in the additional material from the museum is on "... life in Denmark... ", and this point of view is promising, but also ends in disappointment. There is so little life in the exhibition that there is only very limited potential for young visitors to explore anything surprising. This is thought-provoking, considering that this exhibition may well be a permanent fixture for the next thirty years.

Key words: Exhibition, analysis, experience, narrative, knowledge, model-visitor, young visitor, prehistory.

**Bruno Ingemann, associate professor, ph. d.

Adresse: Centre for Visual Communication, Communication Studies, Roskilde University, PO. Box 260, Denmark
E-mail: bruno@ruc.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 31-43


Abstract: This article considers the position of deaf and disabled people within the museum and heritage sectors of the Nordic countries. Recent approaches to access for deaf and disabled people have been rooted in models from the USA and the UK, and less attention has been given to countries with a welfare model approach. The article outlines the features of the welfare approach and the position of deaf and disabled people. It considers approaches to disability and access issues through both case studies and through official policy publications. It argues that although the economic position of disabled people is relatively good, access to cultural heritage remains patchy and uninteresting. Museums approach this as a question of physical access rather than engaging in more creative responses based on dialogue and partnership. It concludes that museums have some way to go before they will be truly accessible for deaf and disabled people.

Key words: Disability, welfare model, access, museums, heritage.

**Diana Walters is programme director for International Museum Studies MA at Gothenburg University, Sweden. She has a PhD from Newcastle University in museums and disability and has worked extensively in the field of museums and access.

Address: International Museum Studies, Göteborgs Universitet, Box 111, 405 30
Göteborg, Sweden
E-mail: diana.walters@museion.gu.se

*Sari Salovaara is based at the Finnish National Gallery, Finland. She has an MA in 'Who is allowed in a museum, a study of the effect of governmental financial support aimed to promote equality in museums'.

Address: Finnish National Gallery, Kaivokatu 2, FI-00100 Helsinki, FINLAND
E-mail: Sari.Salovaara@fng.fi

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 44-52


Abstract: In this paper we present a prototype system for location-based guiding. A user survey has been conducted and the observations are used to support design choices. The prototype allows for both indoor and outdoor navigation at and in the vicinity of the NaturBornholm' experience centre in Denmark using a combination of Bluetooth, Near Field Communication (NFC), GPS and QR codes. Bluetooth, NFC and GPS are used for location-based information and QR codes are used to convey user preferences.

Key words: Museum, location-based services, mobile, barcode, GPS, Bluetooth, Near Field Communication, NFC.

* Dan Witzner Hansen

Address: IT University of Copenhagen. Rued Langgaards Vej 7. DK-2300 Copenhagen S. Denmark
E-mail: witzner@itu.dk

* Alexandre Alapetite

Address: Technical University of Denmark, Department of Management Engineering. Produktionstorvet 426, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
E-mail: alexandre@alapetite.net

*Nanna Holdgaard

Address: IT University of Copenhagen. Rued Langgaards Vej 7. DK-2300 Copenhagen S. Denmark
E-mail: nholdgaard@itu.dk

*Celia Simonsen

Address: IT University of Copenhagen. Rued Langgaards Vej 7. DK-2300 Copenhagen S. Denmark
E-mail: celiasi@itu.dk

*René Larsen Vilsholm

Address: NaturBornholm. Grønningen 30. DK-3720 Aakirkeby. Denmark
E-mail: Rene.Larsen@naturbornholm.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 53-62


Abstract: This article describes a series of experimental trials regarding the role of
feelings in a museum context. These trials were carried out at Moesgård Museum in Denmark, and consisted of a series of additions to the museum's permanent exhibitions. The trial set-ups were designed to provide visitors with the best possible opportunities for emotionally relating to the exhibits in question. Observations as well as qualitative interviews were used to study which effects the trial set-ups had, seen in relation to the permanent exhibition, and whether it was possible to trace any effect regarding how the visitors experienced the rest of the exhibition. The trials demonstrated that even very small efforts focused on creating an emotional response among visitors had the potential to create a greatly increased sense of relevance, empathy and interest in relation to the exhibits. It was also shown that space, and the sequential layout of space, also had significant potential for creating a sense of emotional empathy among visitors.

Keywords: Affective learning, feelings, museum presentation and interpretation, empathy, creating relevance, Moesgård Museum, user survey.

*Martin Brandt Djupdræt, Museumsinspektør og leder af formidlingsafdelingen ved Moesgård Museum

Adresse: Moesgård Museum Moesgård Allé 20, DK-8270 Højbjerg
E-mail: moesmbd@hum.au.dk

*Henrik Hatt, Konsulent ved Niras konsulenterne Århus

Adresse: Niras konsulenterne Århus Åboulevarden 80, Postboks 615, DK-8000 Århus C
E-mail: hha@niraskon.dk

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 63-75


Title: What's the point of museology?
Abstract: A turn towards practice and performance has been an important feature of the humanities and social sciences during the last decade. In this article, it will be argued that looking into the practice of museology is important for answering what museology is and evaluating what it can be used for. A visit will be paid to the various names given to museum-related studies, before giving an account of how three fairly recent Nordic PhD theses approach their subject matter. All three of them, it will be argued, can inspire museum practices. However, they are also highly important studies that not only speak to museological concerns, but also address questions that are of relevance for understanding wider cultural and societal changes.
Key words: Museum research, museology, museum practice.

*Brita Brenna is Associate professor of Museology at the Institute for Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo.

Address: University of Oslo, Box 1010 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo.
E-mail: b.s.brenna@ikos.uio.no

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 76-86


Title: Skeletons from the past, aspirations for the future.
Abstract: This article discusses the Healing Postcolonial Traumas of Nordic Indigenous
Woman seminar. As an extension to this discussion, it reflects on the role of the museum
after colonialism.
Key words: Postcolonialism, colonialism, sápmi, Greenland, indigenous people,
art, museum, archive.

*Hanne Hammer Stien er stipendiat ved Tromsø Museum — Universitetsmuseet. Hun er ut-dannet kunstviter og arbeider med et prosjekt om fotografi, museum og kjønn.

Adresse: Seksjon for kulturvitenskap, Tromsø Museum — Universitetsmuseet, N-9037 Tromsø
E-mail: Hanne.hammer.stien@uit.no.

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 87-104


Abstract: The Hanasaari A power plant in Helsinki in Finland has gone through severed fundamental changes during its life cycle. It was constructed at the turn of the 1960s to produce energy in a modern, efficient manner and delivered both electricity and heat to Helsinki for several decades.
After being converted to a reserve power plant in the beginning of the 21st century, it served as a "cultural factory" where music videos and television series were shot. After the 2007 decision to demolish the power plant, Helsinki Energy launched a documentation project aimed at preserving the history and industrial heritage of the power plant. This article describes the multi-faceted life cycle of Hana-saari A and examines the underlying values and meanings associated with its industrial heritage.
Key words: Industrial heritage, power plants, city planning, oral history, Hanasaari A power plant, Helsinki Energy.

*Maija Kärki MA works in the Department of Museology, School of Cultural Studies at the University of Turku and in the Archives of the Turku University School of Cultural Research. She also teaches museology part-time in the School of Cultural Production and Landscape Studies.

Address: School of Cultural Research, Department of Museology FI-20014 University of Turku
E-mail: maikar@utu.fi

From Nordisk Museologi 20098/1, Abstract pp. 105-122


Title: Artur Hazelius, Nordiska museet and responsibility for cultural heritage.
Abstract: The thesis traces and analyses important changes in cultural heritage and museum politics during the nineteenth century. It tells two overlapping narratives. One is about the creation and expansion of Nordiska museet, and about the museum founder, Artur Hazelius. The other concerns the indecisive construction of meaning and organisational forms for state responsibility for the cultural heritage. The nineteenth century is commonly described as a time when cultural heritage became a concern of the state. This thesis instead sheds light on the uncertainties involved in the construction of national cultural heritage politics. It emphasises the crucial role played by voluntary organisations. It observes the significance of histories and of counter-histories in the controversies about the ownership of the cultural heritage and responsibility for maintaining it. The thesis also focuses on the emergence of a museum profession and its implications for the development of Nordiska museet and for museum politics in general.
Key words: Sweden, nineteenth century, antiquarianism, heritage politics, heritage preservation, Svenska Fornminnesföreningen, museum, history of museums, Nordiska museet, Artur Hazelius.

*Magdalena Hillström (FD) är forskare vid Tema Kultur och samhälle (Tema Q), Linköpings universitet. Hon disputerade år 2006 på avhandlingen Ansvaret för kulturarvet. Studier i formeringen av det kulturhistoriska museiväsendet i Sverige med särskild inriktning på Nordiska museets etablering 1870 - 1920. Fakultetsopponent var docent Anders Ekström, Avdelningen för teknik- och vetenskapshistoria, Kgl. Tekniska högskolan, Stockholm.

Adresse: Magdalena Hillström (FD) Tema Kultur och samhälle (Tema Q) Linköpings universitet 601 74 Norrköping
E-mail: Magdalena.Hillstrom@liu.se

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 123-131


Abstract: In this article, the limits of the social existence of one museum - the Museum of Central Finland - is studied from an economic point of view by asking visitors and non-visitors to museums how much they are willing to pay as taxpayers for the services of the museum. The theme is from the author's article dissertation in economics, "Regional Economic Structures in Finland: Analyses of Location and Regional Economic Impact", which he defended on 3rd August 2007 at the University of Jyväskylä.
Key words: Contingent valuation (CV) method, cost structure, monetary value (economic importance), regional economic impact, willingness-to-pay.

*PhD Timo Tohmo is Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä.

Address: P. O. Box 35, 40014 University of Jyväskylä
E-mail: timo.tohmo@econ.jyu.fi

From Nordisk Museologi 2009/1, Abstract pp. 135-139


Abstract: Conservation and conservation management is a dynamic process. It includes many disciplines that involve keeping the collection accessible for the future. Conservation management includes dedicated disciplines such as applied conservation and natural science, analysis, building and storage management, reformatting, politics and exhibition. Networking can be seen as an important tool as a conservation manager needs to keep up to date on new information dedicated to safeguarding the collection.
Key words: Conservation management, paper, films, storage conditions, analysis.

*István Kecskeméti, PhD, Development manager, conservation, digitization and microfilming

Address: National Archives, Archiving Techniques Unit, P.O. Box 258, 00171 Helsinki, Finland
E-mail: istvan.kecskemeti@narc.fi

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