From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 5-24
JØRGEN OLE BÆRENHOLDT*
Title: Linking places — tourist experiences while on the move.
Abstract: There are many facets to the ways in which we experience places. Each individual links places with other people, and these linkages can be material, bodily, social, recollected, imagined and fantasy-based in nature. This article examines a range of recent contributions to understanding the concept of place within the context of mobility. This is done primarily on the basis of the most recent research relating to both geography and tourism — research that features ideas from a range of different performance-oriented approaches.
These are approaches that on the one hand bring an important focus on the material, bodily and social aspects of experiencing a sense of place via phenomenology, and that on the other hand must involve additional dimensions above and beyond the immediately apparent, and incorporate aspects of imagination and fantasy. Three separate studies — relating to Allinge Harbour, the Hammershus fortress and The Viking Ship Museum — serve to show how the experience of place involves linkages and traces that transcend many different types of time and space.
Key words: Recollection, imagination, phenomenology, cultural heritage, materialism, mobility, experience, social behaviour, location, tourism.
*Jørgen Ole Bærenholdt, ph.d. og dr. scient. soc.
Address: Bygning 02, Roskilde Universitetscenter (RUC, Postboks 260, DK-4000 Roskilde.
From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 25-45
Title: Mobility and the multicultural urban space: what happens to our myths about place, borders and diversity? Examples from Kristiansand in Norway.
Abstract: This article raises the question of what happens on a conceptual level when migrants arrive in a new place. The article shows how processes connected to the establishing of borders and boundaries and the transgressive are competing, intersecting processes within the same multicultural urban space. In the analysis, the concept of place myth is used in the sense of prototypical geographical conceptualizations of what place is. The way that the concept of place myth treats diversity and mobility is analysed, as is the way in which migrants handle a place myth that sees mobility and migrants primarily as new phenomena not yet part of the myth. The article shows that metaphorical concepts such as region and flow are valid, and sees the two processes connected to borders and mobility locally, in conjunction with global and national trends. The article concludes with examining how the place myth, mobility and the cosmopolitical dimension can function as elements in local adaptation strategies among migrants.
Key words: Mobility, concept of place myth, borders, multiculturalism, migration, globalisation, city, diversity.
Title: Social media and cultural interactive experiences in museums
*Knut Hidle, Seniorforsker AgderforskningA/S
Address: Gimlemoen 19, N-4630 Kristiansand,
From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 46-61
Title: Investigative, enjoying, scanning and "cultivated". A survey of how visitors experienced a Trapholt exhibition and the strategies they used to manage those experiences.
Abstract: This article is based on a survey conducted in conjunction with the Plastic Fantastic exhibition held at the Trapholt Museum of Modern Art, Applied Art, Design and Furniture Design near Kolding in Denmark during the winter of 2005/2006. The purpose of this survey was to study the links between the values expressed by visitors to the exhibition, the visitors' patterns of behaviour, and statements made about how they experienced their visit.
The survey combines quantitative and qualitative data to posit that there are four typical kinds of approaches — investigative, enjoying, scanning and "cultivated" — that museum visitors employ in order to make their visit a positive experience. When these behavioural strategies are compared with the learning strategy theory put forward by David Kolb (Wilk & Humphrey 2004, Illeris 2006), it is possible to perceive them as different component aspects in a complex flow of learning. The article concludes with a discussion of the relationship between "experience" and "learning".
Key words: Museums experience, visitor studies, learning theory, art, design, exhibition design, leisure studies, experience strategies, museology.
* Karen Grøn
Address: Trapholt, Æblehaven 23, DK-6000 Kolding. Phone: 0045 76300530.
From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 62-75
Title: Cultural memory in the museum and its dialogue with collective and individual memory
Abstract: This article analyses the forms of cultural memory (storage and functional memory) relying on the work of Aleida Assmann and the German cultural memory school (Assmann, 1999; 2004), and their changes in memory institutions in connection with the institutions dialogue with individual and collective memory. Assmann's theory is supplemented with museological communication schemes (Ho-oper-Grenhill, 1996) and a definition of the medium of collective memory (Erll, 2004). The aim of this article is to discuss the effect of functional memory in the context of the mediation work of a modern museum. The article will deal more thoroughly with the functionalizing process of cultural memory in the museum based on a specific pedagogical programme at the Estonian Open Air Museum.
Keywords: Aleida Assmann and the German school of cultural memory, museological communication schemes, the medium of collective memory, pedagogical programme, Estonian Open Air Museum.
Address: The Estonian Open Air Museum,
Vabaohumuuseumi tee 12, Tallinn 13521,
From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 76-79
MADS DAUGBJERG* OG CARINA REN*
Title: Experiencing (in a) place. Review of PhD seminar, University of Southern Denmark, 4-5 October 2007.
Abstract: The second PhD seminar to be arranged jointly between the Danish Research School of Cultural Heritage (KAF) and the Research School for Studies in Maritime and Coastal Environment, Heritage and Sustainable Tourism (MAST), this two-day seminar focused on the concept of "place" and the recent "spatial turn" within the cultural and social sciences. It sought to introduce and discuss the range and possibilities of a growing awareness of place and space by inviting five senior researchers from the Nordic countries to give lectures and participate in workshops with the PhD students, who also presented papers relating to the theme of the seminar.
Key words: Place, space, landscape, experience, spatial turn.
Ph.d.-studerende, Afd. for Antropologi og Etnografi, Aarhus Universitet
Ph.d.-studerende, Center for Turisme, innovation og kultur, Syddansk Universitet
From Nordisk Museologi 2007/2, Abstract pp. 80-83
ELINA ANTTILA*, SARI SALOVAARA* AND LEENA TOKILA*
Title: International conference in Helsinki ponders accessibility
Abstract: This article focuses on questions that emerged at the "Making Cultural Heritage Truly Inclusive" conference, which was held in Helsinki on 11-12 October 2007. The theme of the conference was the Nordic principle of equality as seen in relation to the cultural heritage sector. The participants numbered about 140 cultural heritage workers from the Nordic countries and elsewhere in Europe. In addition to representatives of the museum sector, the invited speakers included future researchers and policy makers.
At the conference, museums were seen as exerting a social influence. The first pan of the conference examined accessibility strategies and the challenges and expectations they engendered in the projected Nordic future. The second part dealt with the potential of the shared Nordic cultural heritage for reflecting a multicultural society. The third part of the conference focused on future challenges, which were identified as including virtual communities for young people, and the importance of considering an ageing population. The conference was part of the Tillgänglighetsnätverk för museer i Norden (Accessibility networks for museums in the Nordic countries) project, which, over the past few years, has been creating a cooperation network to enable Nordic culture sector organisations that are interested in accessibility issues to exchange experiences.
Key words: Accessibility, museums, cultural heritage, Nordic conference, new target groups.
Curator, PhD (Art History)
Adress: The National Museum of Finland,
The National Board of Antiquities,
PO. Box 913, 00101 Helsinki
Bachelor of Arts (An Education)
Adress: The Finnish National Gallery,
Education Coordinator, Master of Arts
(Ethnology), Bachelor of Arts (Education)
Adress: Finnish Museums Association, Annankatu 16 B
50, 00120 Helsinki